Places of Interest View from outside the northern wall of Palakkad Fort.
  • Palakkad Fort - Fort dating from 1766, built by Hyder Ali of Mysore. In 1784, after a siege which lasted eleven days, the British Colonel Fullerton stormed the Fort.[citation needed] Later it fell into the hands of the Zamorin’s troops, but was recaptured by the British in 1790.[citation needed] This well-preserved fort is also known as Tipu's (Tipu Sultan, son of Hyder Ali) Fort. Today there is a functioning jail in the fort grounds.
  • Malampuzha Dam and Malampuzha dam garden. This is a large irrigation dam built on the riverBharathapuzha at the base of the hills of the Western Ghats. The gardens, the amusement park for children, and the boating facilitices on the reservoir make Malampuzha a centre of interest for tourists, easily accessible from Palakkad.
Paddy fields in Palakkad
  • Jain Temple of Jainimedu - Situated on the western border of Palakkad town and not far from the railway station, this is an historic Jain Temple. The area around the temple is known as Jainimedu. This is one of the few places in Kerala where vestiges of Jainism have survived without substantial damage.[citation needed] The granite walls are devoid of decoration. The temple, 32 feet (9.8 m) long and 20 feet (6.1 m) wide, consists of four divisions with images of Jain Thirthankaras and Yakshinis in three of them. Kumaran Asan wrote his monumental poemVeena Poovu (the fallen flower) at a Jain house here during his brief stay with his master Sri.Narayana Guru.[citation needed]
  • Parambikulam The Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, covering 285 km², is 135 km from Palakkad and adjacent to the Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu. Besides being a home for elephants, wild boar, sambar, bison, guar, crocodiles, and a few tigers and panthers, it has a rich diversity of flora and fauna. Trekking in the forest is allowed with prior permission. Boating facilities are available on the lake. The large Cannimare Teak Tree is here near Thunakadavu.
  • Silent Valley National Park A dense rain forest and the habitat of rare species 80 km from Palakkad. It is popularly known as the evergreen forest and noted for its eerie silence because of the lack of cicadas.[citation needed] It is an important biosphere reserve in the Western Ghats and home of the tribal people. The valley is known for the rare Lion-Tailed Macaque. This National Park is a protected area for tigers also.[citation needed]
Heap of rice straw, usually seen in front of houses in Palakkad district.
  • Nelliampathi Known as the Ooty of Kerala,[citation needed] Nelliampathy, about 80 km from Palakkad, is a hill station in the Nelliampathy forest ranges. This forest range constitutes a series of ridges cut off from one another by valleys of dark evergreen forests.
  • Pothundy Dam Around 35 km from Palakkad town, Pothundy Dam is situated on the way to Nelliampathi hills. The hill area to Nelliyampathy hills starts from Pothundy Dam. People visiting Nelliampathi, stop here to enjoy the beauty of the dam as well as to relax during their long journey up the Nelliampathi hills.
  • Walayar Dam is around 25 km from Palakkad town, It is located on the border of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It is a beautiful place. It is an easily accessible location to the visitors to and fromTamilnadu also. There is a Deer park located 3 km from Walayar.
  • Anamudi The highest peak in the district. The area has coffee and tea plantations.
A typical fence made of bamboousually seen in villages of the Palakkad district.
  • Attappady Attappady is an extensive mountain valley above the crest of the Ghat ranges, with several rivulets of the river Bhavani. The area is dominated by tribal people.[citation needed]
  • Punarjani Guha The Punarjani Guha is a natural tunnel 15 meters long in the rocky cliff. It is 2 km from the Thiruvilwamala Temple and the chief presiding deity is Sri Rama. The idol is believed to be ‘swayambhoo’, i.e. born on its own. It is believed that performing ‘noozhal’ -- crawling through the tunnel from one end to the other—will wash away all of one’s sins and thus bring about rebirth. Only men are allowed to do the ‘noozhal’: women may only visit the cave. This ritual is practised on only one day per year, on Guruvayur Ekadashi. This particular site actually comes under the district of Trichur.
  • Kanjirapuzha Dam: This dam feeds almost half the agricultural land of the district. It supplies water to such places as Mannarkkad,Ottappalam and Shoranur, and is the biggest dam built with soil in Kerala. There is a garden in front of the dam.
  • Srikrishnapuram: A small and welcoming village; the name comes from Palakkadussery Sekhari Varma Raj. It is one of the many villages of Palakkad. Punchappadam and Karimpuzha are also included in this village area
  • Dhoni Waterfalls: It is a gift of nature to the district with green forest, rocks, shallow water and beautigul water fall. Dhoni waterfall is in the western ghats 15 km from the Palakkad Town bustand and 9 km from the Palakkad Junction railway station. There is a beautiful temple near the mountain valley and it is believed that this was built by the Goddess for Shiva Bhagawan.
  • IRTC [1]: Integrated Rural Technology Centre (IRTC) is an R&D and Training Institution situated at Mundur, Palakkad. It develops or adapts technology having rural applications. Training and follow up facilities are extended in various livelihood programmes.
  • Koduvayur: Koduvayur is one of the major markets in Palakkad district. The vegetable and cloth markets here attract customers as well as dealers from different parts of the state as well. The famous car festival is celebrated here. Major market possessions are managed by Moothans, the Vaisya sect of Palakkad and Muslims.
  • Cherpulassery Ayyappankavu is the famous Dharmasastha Temple, where thousands of devotees visit, especially during Mandala season. Many who go to Sabarimala start from here. The ten days long Utsavam in the month of Kumbham attracts thousands of devotees.
  • Karnaki Temple. Palakkad has a Karnaki Temple where goddess Kannaki is worshiped in her full idol form.[citation needed] In the Karnaki temple, Kerala form of pooja practices are done by Kerala Brahmins (Namboothiris) and in the Siva Temple in the same compound, Tamil Shaiva form of pooja practices are carried out by Tamil Brahmin Priests.
  • Vayillyamkunnu - (new name Kadambazhipuram): The name Vayillyamkunnu came from VAYILLAKUNNILAPPAN - the last member of PARAYI PETTA PANTHIRUKULAM of the famous saint Vararuchi. It is a historical place which was famous due to Gandhian activities and Sanskrit scholars. Vayillyamkunnu Bhagavathy Temple is famous for its Pakalpooram, the Annual festival.
  • SREE CHEMITTIYA BAGAVATHY KSHETRAM: Around 6 kms from PALAKKAD town on CHITTUR road is the temple of the goddess. Every year during MARCH - APRIL the annual fair happens here. There are many people who come here for rituals during that season. The temple comittee is setting up a MARRIAGE HALL which on completion can help many of the surrounding village to use this.
  • CHITTUR BAGAVATHY KSHETRAM : 18 Kms from PALAKKAD TOWN in CHITTUR dedicated to lord CHITTUR BAGAVATHY, annualy there is a temple fair conducted by the locals and the family called KONGAN PADA during FEB - MARCH.
Palakkad Fort: The old granite fort situated in the very heart of Palakkad town is one of the best preserved in Kerala. It was built by Hyder Ali of Mysore in 1766. The fort was taken over and modified by the British in 1790. It is now preserved by the Archaeological Survey of India. 
Malampuzha Garden (10 km from Palakkad): This famous picnic spot which comprises a dam and beautifully landscaped gardens, is situated on the lower hills of the Western Ghats. There are frequent buses to this place from Palakkad.
Fantasy Park:(1400 - 2100 hrs on week days and 1100 - 2100 hrs on Saturdays, Sundays and national holidays). Ph: 815122 815124 Entrance fee: Adults Rs. 20 Children Rs. 10. Separate charges for rides and computer games. Block tickets: Adults Rs. 80 Children Rs. 60
Pothundy(45 km from Palakkad): Situated on the way to Nelliampathy, the Pothundy Reservoir Complex is a charming location for picnics and half-day trips. 
Thiruvalathoor (10 km from Palakkad) : The ancient temple here has some fine wood work and stone sculptures. 
Dhoni (15 km from Palakkad): It takes a three hour trek from the base of the Dhoni hills to reach this reserve forest area with its small, beautiful waterfall. 
Kottayi :(15 km via Poodur from Palakkad): This tiny village is the native place of the late Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavathar, the doyen of Carnatic music. 
Kollengode (19 km south of Palakkad) : Kollengode or the abode of blacksmiths enshrines the pristine beauty of rural Palakkad. The Kollengode Palace, the Vishnu Temple and the poet P. Kunhiraman Nair Memorial are worth visiting. Seethakundu and Govindamalai hills near Kaachankurichi are ideal for adventurous trekkers. 
Lakkidi (30 km from Palakkad): Killikkurissimangalam at Lakkidi is the birthplace of Kunchan Nambiar, the 18th century satirist and exponent of the Tullal (classical art form). The poet's house has been preserved as a monument by the State Government. 
Meenkara(32 km from Palakkad): This picnic spot is the site of a dam across the river Gayathri which flows into the Bharathapuzha. 
Ottappalam(35 km from Palakkad): The town is known for its numerous places of worship and their colourful festivals. Durga Temple the Pooram at Chenakkathur the Nercha festival commemorating the Aulia. 
Thrithala (75 km from Palakkad): This place is noted for its monuments and historic ruins. The Siva Temple and the ruins of a mud fort near Thrithala on the Chalissery road are notable cultural monuments. The Kattilmadam Temple, a small granite Buddhist monument on the Pattambi-Guruvayoor road, is of great archaeological importance. It is believed to date back to the 9th/10th century AD. The Paakkanaar memorial, honouring the Pariah saint, stands near Thrithala Koottanad road. This is also the native place of renowned writer and social reformer VT Bhattathiripad. 
Rivers Of Palakkad
with her tributaries, sprawls across the entire district. The river takes its origin from Anamalai hills and flows through the districts of Palakkad, Malappuram and Thrissur before emptying into the Arabian sea at Ponnani. Its four main tributaries are Gayatripuzha, Kannadipuzha, Kalpathypuzha and Thuthapuzha. 
This river originates from Anamalai hills and after traversing through Kollengode, Nanmara, Alathur, Wadakkancherry and pazhayannur, joins Bharathappuzha at Mayannur. This tributary has five main sub- tributaries. They are Managalam river, Ayalurpuzha, Vandazhipuzha, Meenkara puzhas and Chulliyar.
It is also known as Chitturpuzha or Amaravathi puzha. This river, which also starts from the Anamalai hills, flows through Thathamangalam and Chittur and joins the main river at Parli. Three main streams combine to form this river. They are Palar, Aliyar and Uppar.
This river starts from the place called Chenthamarakulam in the hills, north of Walayar. This is also known as Korayar. Kalpathypuzha is formed by four streams, viz.,Korayar, Varattar, Walayar and Malapuzha. 
Thuthapuzha other wise known as Pilanthol river, starts from the Silent Valley hills and joins the main river about two kilometers. off Pallippuram railway station. The important streams, which feed this tributary, are Kunthipuzha, Kanjirapuzha, Ambankadavu and Thuppanadipuzha.

Jain Festival:

There is an ancient Jain temple at Jainamedu, near Palakkad town. According to a legend, one sutar (head of the Jains)built this temple 500 years ago for the Jain stage, Chandranathaswamy. The Jains who came here from Mysore fled from this place during the invasion of Tipu Sultan. 
Nellikulangara Vela:
To invoke the blessings of Nellikulangara Bhagavathy, the people of Vellangi and Nenmara conduct a festival on 20th Meenam (March – April) every year. This is the famous Vellangi Vela. This beautiful temple is in the Vellangi village of Chittur taluk. The flag hoisting ceremony in connection with the vela is held jointly by the residents of Vellangi and Nenmara on 9th Meenam. On all days following the flag hoisting till the eve of the vela, Kummatti, Karivela, Andivela and similar other folk rituals are performed. These three ceremonies together are known as Kanyar. The pomp and splendour of the festival would put it in second place, perhaps only to the Pooram festival of Thrissur. 
Ottappalam Nercha Festival:
Juma prayers are held in Ottappalam mosque on Fridays. To commemorate the death anniversary of a saintly person by name Uthaman Auliya, an annual festival is held in January – February. The special feature of this festival is the grand procession which ceremoniously brings various things such as rice, coconuts etc. to the mosque as offerings. On the next day, a feast is held where the various articles received will be cooked and distributed to the poor. 
Sivarathri festival at Kallekulangara Bhagavaty Temple:
This festival is conducted for nine days and ends with an arat of the diety Hemambika in Kalpathy River.
Kalpathy Ratholsavam:
Kalpathy Viswanatha Swamy temple is the oldest Siva temple in Malabar. H. Kombi Achan, then Raja of Palakkad, built it in 1425 A.D. Kalpathy is linked to Kasi, because the main diety is Siva and the temple is on the banks of the Neela Nadhi just as Kasi is on the banks of the Ganges. The other deities consecrated in the temple are Sri visalakshi Sametha Viswanatha Swamy, Vinayaka, Valli Devayani Sametha Subramanya Swamy, Gangadhara, dakshinayana Murthy, Simhanasundari, Nataraja, Surya Bhavara, Kala Bhairavan, Chandikeswaran, Nandeeswaran and Pradesh Handi. The rituals in the temples were conducted earlier by Kerala Brahmins, the Nambudiries. But now, Tamil Brahmins are in charge. The centre of attraction of the festival is Kalp[athy Sri Viswanatha Swamy temple. The festival is celebrated in the month of November. On the seventh day (28th day of Alpasi), the diety from Viswanatha Swamy temple is taken out and installed in the chariot. There are three chariots in this temple; one for the main dioety Shri Viswanatha Swamy and Goddess Parvathy, the second for Visweswara and the third for Lord Subramanya Swamy. 
Manappullikavu Vela:
The important festival at Manappullikavu at Yakkara is the annual Vela. 
Arat Festival in Kachamkurichy Temple:
Kachamkurichy Temple is an important Vishnu temple. The Arat festival here in the month of May attracts many people. 
Navarathri Festival in Pallavur Siva Temple, Amavasi Festival in Thrippallur Sive Temple, Pooram Festival in Kongad Bhagavathy Temple and Radhotsavam at Kodumbu Subramanya Temple are some of the important festivals, which attract a large number of devotees. Mahamakom is also held in the Kodumbu temple once in twelve years. 


Palakkad district has its own special characteristics. The fort of Hyder Ali tells us the story of Mysore invasions and the advent of the British to this part of the country. The Victoria College, started in 1886, marks the beginning of higher education in Malabar. The Jain temple near Chunnamputhara speaks of the magnanimity of the king of Palakkad who provided shelter to the people who escaped the religious persecutions.

The ancient history of Palakkad is shrouded. According to William Logan, the author of the Malabar Manual, the Pallava dynasty of Kanchi might have invaded Malabar in the second or third centuary. One of their head quarters was a place called Palakada which could be the present –day Palakkad. Malabar had been invaded by many of the ancient South  Indian rulers. For many centuries, it was ruled by the Perumals. They had under them some powerful Utayavars who held authority in their own respective territories. After the rule of the Perumals, the country was divided among these chieftans. The valluvakkonathiri (ruler of Valluvanad), the rulers of Vengunad (Kollengodu Rajas) andf Sekhari Varma ( Raja of Palakkad) were the prominent rulers of this region, after the Perumals.

When the Zamorin of  Kozhikode invaded Palakkad in 1757, the raja of Palakkad sought the help of Hyder Ali of Mysore. Hyder Ali’s help forced the Zamorin to retreat. Later Hyder Ali subjugated all territories in Palakkad which were under the possession of Zamorin. Thus the whole area possessed by the Raja of Palakkad passed into the hands of the Mysore rulers – Hyder Ali and his son Tippu Sultan. The war between Tippu and the East India Company ended with the treaty of 1872 and all the possessions of Tippu in Malabar were ceded to the British. Gradually these formed part of the Malabar district of the Madras Presidency.

About Palakkad As you head towards the west coast of India, you cut through the Western Ghatsnear the Palghat Gap to enter Kerala. Palakkad, the forest (kadu) of sweet scented Alstonia flowers (pala), greets you with its green paddy fields, coconut-lined skies and red earth. With an approximately forty kilometre stretch separating the two folds of the Western Ghats on Kerala-Tamil Nadu border, Palakkad is probably the biggest mountain pass in the world. 

Enriched with mountains, forests, valleys and rivers, this land is home to a rich flora and fauna. Historically, it dates back to the Paleolithic period; several megalithic relics have been found here. More recently, the Perumals and then the Utayavars ruled for several hundred years.

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